Long before women were seen in jeans and men wore earrings, unisex was a word in India’s world of perfumes or itrs. The fragrances of itr, or attar as it is commonly known, are divided by factors other than gender. Unlike their Western counterpart, there are no masculine or feminine fragrances.The rules that exist are strict. Factors like the season, the occasion and of course, the temperament influence what you wear and when. The Maharjas of the erstwhile states of Gwaliar, Patiala, Darbhanga, Mysore and even Maharaja Ranjit Singh are counted amongst the most famous users of attars. Amongst the modern Indian dignitaries is former President Shanker Dayal Sharma, who is a connoisseur of attar Chameli.Another President, Dr S Radhakrishnan, was fond of the light fragrance of Majuma. Indira Gandhi used attar Heena in winters.The word itr means perfume in Arabic and its corrupted form – attar- is accepted in the Oxford dictionary. Their pedigree dates back over 2000 years. In India itr has been a part of the cultured lifestyle. The early documented use of itr is in Abul Fazal’s account of Akbar’s court in Aain-e-Akbari. Abul Fazal mentions Akbar using attar along with incense sticks burnt daily in gold and silver censers.Noorjehan, the Mughal empress, is credited with the discovery of itr. Legend has it that she liked crushed rose petals in her bath water and discovered the most exquisite and costly of all itrs – the Rooh Gulab. Legend says that once when she went for her bath she found an oily layer over the water kept to cool overnight, which when distilled became the famous rose perfume.Some ascribe the discovery to her Persian mother and still others say that it was an ordinary woman in Persia, the famous centre of Taifi or rose itr, who discovered the perfume in the 17th century.ProcessTraditional attar families hold the secrets of distillation , which is a very specialised job. Simply explained, itr is the pure extract of flowers in sandalwood oil. The oil forms an ideal base for perfumes as during the distillation, the original perfume of sandalwood vanishes and the oil captures the fragrance of the flower. No chemical is used in attars and more often than not they are not blended, but pure perfumes made from petals or other perfumed substances.The valley of Taif in Western Saudi Arabia near Jeddah is famous the world over for its rose attar and water. The rosebuds known as taifi to the locals are plucked when they have just opened up and before the sun’s rays diminish the oils, which contain the essence of their perfume.The distillation is done in several tin-lined copper pots which can hold about 50 litres of water each. Approximately 10,000 roses are put in each container. The pot is then tightly sealed and the mix simmers for six hours. The steam collected goes through a tube that passes through a pool of cold water and ultimately reaches a large glass jar called al-Arousa, where the rose water is collected.At this point the droplets of attar are still in the rose water, so a second distillation takes place, in which the globules of attar rise to the surface as the liquid cools down, facilitating their collection with a device similar to a syringe. The attar collected in just one of these containers produces one single tolah (about 11.7 ounces) that sells for between 2000 and 3000 Saudi riyals.Rose water has sacred as well as festive uses in Arabia. It is used to perfume the Yemeni Corner of the holy Ka’bah apart from being used in the kitchen and for the two Ids.Rose attar is the costliest since a hundred kilograms of roses yield only two grams of attar. In the traditional process of hydro distillation , the fire, known as a bhatti, is of cow dung and wood. Water and flower plants are measured in a copper vessel, which is placed inside a container know as degh. The scented steam passes through a hollow bamboo stem into the bhapka or the condenser placed in cold water with boiled and cooled essential oils. The more you distil, the more fragrant the attar is and of course, as expensive too. Indian perfumers known as the gundhis have their own manufacturing units for growing flowers.TypesAbul Fazal mentions flowers like ghulab, bela, chameli, champa, maulshri and rajnigandha along with the roots like adrak or ginger. According to Abul Fazal the barks used in Akbar’s time were sandal, cinnamon and aloe. Animal substances like musk, myrrh and ambergris were also used along with khus, a type of grass and a few other spices.Today the most used varieties of itr are rose, jasmine, sandal, henna, nargis, majuma, kevda, khus and mogra.Reasons, Seasons And OccasionsBaraatis as they enter the wedding area are sprinkled with rose water. The water for drinking is perfumed with Kevda. On a summer evening, a swab of jasmine or khus lifts your spirits in the oppressive heat of Northern India. Kastoori or musk was for winters and Khus for summers. The most famous and elusive scent for the summer heat is the sondhi mitti, literally the smell of earth after the first showers of rain.Some connoisseurs have exquisitely chiselled attardans (containers), often inlaid with ivory and containing marvellously carved cut glass decanters. A major difference between synthetic perfumes and attar is that the oil-based attar is worn directly on your body. The inside of the wrist, behind the ears, the inside of elbow joints, back of the neck and a few other imaginative parts of your anatomy are directly dabbed with itr.Experts say that the smell of the attar is likely to stay the longest on cottons rather than synthetic cloth. And some attars will evaporate in the heat of summer if not carefully applied. Which is why it is advisable to place a swab of cotton inside the ear. The fragrance will linger on the clothes even after a wash.Unlikely as it seems, the tobacco industry is by far the largest consumer of attar, which is responsible for the aroma of cigarettes. The rapidly growing pan masala industry is emerging as another major consumer. Together, they consume almost 90 per cent of the attar produced.Medicinal Aroma Lemon oil taken internally or sniffed, is good for diabetes, asthma, boils and varicose veins. Three drops of sweet marjoram taken with a little jaggery cures migraine and hangovers. Nausea and vomiting are immediately controlled by petitgren oil. The simplest example of aromatherapy is attar Gill or Itr-e-khaki, (sondhi mitti) drawn from mud, which has the aroma of the first monsoon showers and can cure blood pressure and the flow of blood through nose owing to intense heat.Indian itr is increasingly being used for aromatherapy these days. The floral extracts with oil base can be extensively marketed for aromatherapy. Jasmine extract is useful in cases of stress, hypertension and treating skin ailments. Inhaling sandalwood oil lessens stress and can stop vomiting. Applying it on the chest and throat cures dry cough. Its curative properties extend to skin ailments as well. Marigold extract is an old medicine meant to heal stubborn wounds. It has excellent antiseptic properties. Heena is known for its heat inducing qualities and if used on quilts during winters, it is known to provide extra warmth. If inhaled during summer it can lead to nasal bleeding as well.Prices And PlacesKannauj, a small town in Uttar Pradesh, is known for production of Itr. More than 25,000 of the total 70,000 population of Kannauj is engaged in attar production. Some of India’s most renowned attar sellers, apart from Dariba in Chandni Chowk in old Delhi, are in Lucknow, like Izhar Ahmed and Sons, who established their shop, popularly known as Sugandhco, in 1850. Asghar Ali Mohammad Ali, also in Lucknow and established in the early 1800s is one of the oldest traders. They own attar perfumeries in Kannauj. Bombay has its own, rather miniscule, share of attar walas in Mohammad Ali Road. Most towns have their own old man with a box full of attar all over India.There are various centres for the raw material too. Roses come from Sikatra near Aligarh.Kevda comes from Ganjam in Orissa. Chameli and motia comes from Sikandarpur on the Uttar Pradesh-Bihar border.Most of the attars have been around for centuries and attract connoisseurs who don’t let anything except the season come in the way of their passion. Some itrs that are either restricted or banned. Sandalwood, for instance is a restricted item, but the government releases a quota for manufacturers. Musk is now prohibited since overkill has made the musk deer almost extinct. A few attar manufacturers claim that they can remove the deer’s fragrance by injecting it out through its stomach without having to kill it, but musk is a prohibited item. Other rare itrs are amber and myrrh.Rooh Gulab is the costliest of all attars at Rs 3,500 ($70) for a vial of 10 gm. Chameli and Motia are also quite expensive. Attars are priced anywhere between Rs 1,500 ($30) per kg to as much as Rs 10 lakh ($50,000) per kg. For a vial of 10 grams you pay Rs 150 ($5) to Rs 4000-6000 ($80-$120). Smaller vials of 2, 5 and 10 ml are commonly available for as little as Rs 60. ($1.20). Related Items
Romelu Lukaku struck twice on his Premier League debut for Manchester United as Jose Mourinho’s side made a confident start to their campaign with a 4-0 win over West Ham United at Old Trafford on Sunday.The Belgian striker, who was signed from Everton in a 75-million-pound ($97.58-million) move last month, began repaying that investment with two fine finishes but it was not only his imposing presence in attack that give United a very different feel from last season.Another close-season recruit, Serbian midfielder Nemanja Matic, brought from Chelsea, made an excellent debut in the defensive midfield role, breaking up any threats from West Ham and then prompting United’s attacks with intelligence. (Premier League: Dele Alli shines as Tottenham Hotspur beat 10-man Newcastle United)Reuters PhotoWith Marcus Rashford’s pace and directness down the left flank and Henrikh Mkhitaryan’s trickery on the right, United showed a variety and inventiveness that too often was missing last season when they drew 10 home games at Old Trafford.Lukaku opened the scoring in the 33rd minute, blasting in off the post after latching on to a clever through ball from Rashford, who had run with the ball from deep in his own half. (Premier League: Wayne Rooney scores on Everton return, Huddersfield off to dream start)AP PhotoThe Belgian made it 2-0 seven minutes after the break, rising to meet a Mkhitaryan free kick with a superbly angled header into the far bottom corner.Substitute Anthony Martial made it 3-0 in the 87th minute with a side-foot finish after being played in, again by Mkhitaryan.advertisementMoments later Paul Pogba fired in the fourth after he was slipped in by Martial to complete the rout.
San Francisco: Facebook-owned Instagram on Tuesday made a move into potentially lucrative e-commerce by adding an option to buy products shown off in posts by selected brands. A new “checkout” button for instant purchasing launched in a beta version of the app in the US with a limited number of businesses, according to the popular image-centric messaging service. “We’re introducing Checkout on Instagram,” the Silicon Valley based division of Facebook said in an online post. Also Read – Thermal coal import may surpass 200 MT this fiscal”When you find a product you love, you can now buy it without leaving the app.” Tapping the checkout button will allow shoppers to select options such as size or color and then pay for items without leaving the Instagram app. Previously, people inspired to buy products featured in Instagram posts had to follow links to outside online shopping sites. Information entered for an initial purchase will be stored for future use, according to Instagram. Also Read – Food grain output seen at 140.57 mt in current fiscal on monsoon boostIt remained to be seen how people would feel trusting information such as credit card details to a service owned by Facebook, which has been hit with waves of criticism for its handling of personal data. Brands taking part in the checkout feature included Adidas, Burberry, Dior, H&M, Nike, Oscar de la Renta, Prada, and glasses retailer Warby Parker. Facebook makes the bulk of its money from digital advertising but has dabbled with e-commerce in the past.
New Delhi: Intensifying its attack on the saffron party over the desecration of a bust of social reformer Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar during the violence in Kolkata, the Trinamool Congress on Wednesday released videos to claim that “BJP goons” damaged the statue. Trinamool Parliamentary team comprising Derek O’Brien, Sukhendu Sekhar Ray, Manish Gupta, Nadimul Haque also met the Election Commission over the issue and submitted “proof” in support of their claim. Also Read – India gets first tranche of Swiss account details under automatic exchange framework Earlier, at a press conference here, TMC leader Derek O’Brien said, “The video not only clearly establishes what the BJP did, but proves that its chief Amit Shah is a liar and ‘dhokebaaz’ (betrayer).” The reaction from the TMC came close on the heels of BJP president Amit Shah accusing the West Bengal’s ruling party of indulging in violence in the state and alleged that the poll panel has been a “mute spectator”. “The streets of Kolkata are tinged with shock and anger. What happened yesterday hurt Bengali pride,” O’Brien said, adding the TMC will submit the videos, it has, to the poll panel and is authenticating them on record. Also Read – Trio win Nobel Medicine Prize for work on cells, oxygen One of the videos shows a group of men purportedly trying to break down the gate of the Vidyasagar college and enter the campus by jumping over its walls. “It is a childish argument to ask who had the keys to the gate? The video establishes beyond doubt who desecrated the statue,” O’Brien said, claiming his party has as many as 44 videos to support its claims. The party also showed a video and WhatsApp message allegedly by a BJP supporter asking people to come to Shah’s roadshow with rods and arms to fight the TMC and police. “We are trying to obtain and authenticate audio of slogans like ‘Vidyasagar finished, where is the Josh’ raised during the violence,” O’Brien said and alleged that the Central forces deployed in West Bengal have started a “whisper campaign” asking people to vote for the BJP. “The Central forces are in cahoots with the BJP. We have written to the EC thrice and this will be our fourth letter,” the TMC leader said. BJP and TMC supporters Tuesday fought pitched battles on the streets of Kolkata during a massive road show by Shah, who escaped unhurt but was forced to cut short the jamboree and had to be escorted to safety by the police. Parts of the city plunged into a welter of violence as his convoy was attacked with stones by alleged TMC supporters from inside the hostel of Vidyasagar College, triggering a clash between supporters of the two parties. Furious BJP supporters retaliated and were seen exchanging blows with their TMC rivals outside the college entrance. The Trinamool Congress also accused Deputy Election Commissioner Sudeep Jain of giving orders to the police not to intervene in BJP issues in state. “Jain has influenced the police not to interfere in what the BJP is doing in the election campaign, more so in the case of Amit Shah. The model code of conduct is being violated by them with impunity. There were drunken ‘outsiders’ who were part of this violence. “They have been brought by the BJP from Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar and kept in hotels and private houses. The same people have been seen in Shah’s roadshow and the ensuing violence,” TMC leader Manish Gupta said.
15 February 2010The United Nations Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia expressed grave concern today at the latest spike in violence in the capital, Mogadishu, which has killed at least 80 civilians and forced more than 8,000 others to flee their homes since the start of the month. Mark Bowden, who is also the UN Resident Coordinator in Somalia, said the most recent fighting has been focused in northern Mogadishu, especially the districts of Heliwa, Yaaqshiid and Wardhiigleey.“I am alarmed by the large number of casualties emanating from recent fighting,” he said in a statement released today, adding that “civilians continue to bear the brunt of conflict and insecurity in the country.”The worst of the latest fighting between Government forces and al-Shabaab militiamen is reported to have occurred on 10 February, when 24 people died and nearly 160 others had to be hospitalized with war-related injuries.About a third of the people fleeing the fighting have moved to other neighbourhoods within Mogadishu, but the majority have moved out of the city to the so-called Afgooye corridor, a strip of makeshift shelters which stretches 30 kilometres west of the capital and is already home to an estimated 366,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs).Other UN officials, including representatives of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), have also spoken out in recent days about the latest violence in Mogadishu.Mr. Bowden appealed today to the parties to the conflict to minimize risks to civilians by abiding by international humanitarian law.Mogadishu is among the most war-wracked parts of Somalia, where about 1.4 million people are internally displaced and millions more live in neighbouring countries such as Kenya. Somalia has not had a functioning national government since 1991.
In Freetown, David Crane, Chief Prosecutor of the Special Court for Sierra Leone, said the fight to bring President Taylor to justice has just begun and “will not end until the people of Sierra Leone and West Africa see him in a courtroom.” The Court announced yesterday that it had indicted Mr. Taylor for war crimes and issued an international warrant for his arrest as he was in Ghana attending peace talks with opposition forces. Inside the conference hall, Mr. Taylor told delegates he would step down if he is seen as an obstacle to peace in Liberia. He did not mention the Sierra Leone indictment. According to Mr. Crane, after the charges were made public, Mr. Taylor fled the conference to return to Liberia as a fugitive. “Taylor is now an indicted war criminal and a fugitive,” the Chief Prosecutor said, stressing that the arrest warrant was still outstanding and that any nation that finds the Liberian President within its borders is legally bound to execute it. “All States are on notice that they cannot provide him safe harbour,” he said. Mr. Taylor is charged with “bearing the greatest responsibility” for war crimes, crimes against humanity and serious violations of international humanitarian law” in Sierra Leone since 30 November 1996, the height of that country’s brutal 10-year civil war. The indictment had been judicially approved on 7 March but had been sealed until yesterday. Mr. Crane said that by failing to arrest Mr. Taylor, the international community had missed an important opportunity to live up to its promise to help the people of Sierra Leone and West Africa achieve true peace and reconciliation. “Instead of providing a strong message about accountability, they provided weak excuses,” he said. “Now is the time for leadership,” he said, calling on the UN Security Council, the African Union (AU), the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the International Contact Group for Liberia to take action to bring Mr. Taylor to justice. “Either we stand up to impunity or we don’t.” Meanwhile, a UN spokesman in New York said Secretary-General Kofi Annan continues to support the work of the Special Court. “He also continues to attach great importance to the peace process in Liberia, since that country’s problems can only be solved through political means,” Fred Eckhard said. “The coincidence yesterday of the indictment of President Taylor by the Special Court as a high-level political effort was under way in Ghana was unfortunate, but illustrates the tension sometimes between the imperatives of justice and peace,” the spokesman said. In other news from the Court, indictee Ibrahim “Bazzy” Kamara pleaded “not guilty” yesterday to 17 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity levelled against him, at a hearing in the town of Bonthe, off Sierra Leone’s coast. The charges against Mr. Kamara – the alleged commander of a military junta that came to power in May 1997 but which was overthrown nine months later – include terrorizing civilians, use of child soldiers, sexual violence and attacks on UN personnel.
“Pulses are important food crops for the food security of large proportions of populations, particularly in Latin America, Africa and Asia, where pulses are part of traditional diets and often grown by small farmers,” said FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva, in a news release.“They have been an essential part of the human diet for centuries,” he added, “Yet, their nutritional value is not generally recognized and is frequently under-appreciated.”According to FAO, pulses, including all kinds of dried beans and peas, are not merely cheap and delicious; they are also highly nutritious source of protein and vital micronutrients that can greatly benefit people’s health and livelihoods, particularly in developing countries.There are hundreds of varieties of pulses grown throughout the world. Popular ones include all varieties of dried beans, such as kidney beans, lima beans, butter beans and broad beans. But also chickpeas, cowpeas, black-eyed peas and pigeon peas. Speaking about their nutritional value, the FAO chief said that pulses have double the proteins found in wheat and triple the amount found in rice. They are also rich in micronutrients, amino acids and b-vitamins; Mr. Graziani da Silva underlined, and added that they are vital parts of a healthy diet.Further, the agency credited pulses as the key ingredients in many signature regional and national dishes across the world – from falafel to dahl to chilli and baked beans.FAO also added that as an affordable alternative to more expensive animal-based protein, pulses are ideal for improving diets in poorer parts of the world, where protein sources from milk if often five time more expensive than protein sourced from pulses.Pulses also offer a great potential to lift farmers out of rural poverty, as they can yield two to three time higher prices than cereals, and their processing provides additional economic opportunities, especially for women. Following his address, Mr. Graziano da Silva planted a number of fava beans in a planter full of soil as he proclaimed the International Year opened.“The International Year 2016 is a great opportunity to raise awareness of the benefits of pulses as the world embarks on efforts to achieve the newly adopted Sustainable Development Goals,” said UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in a messasge on the occasion.Mr. Ban added that pluses contribute significantly in addressing hunger, food security, malnutrition, environmental challenges and human health and also are a vital source of plant-based proteins and amino acids. “Despite strong evidence of the health and nutritional benefits of pulses, their consumption of pulses remains low in many developing and developed countries. The International Year can help overcome this lack of knowledge,” said Mr. Ban.Further, he also said that pulses impact the environment positively due to their nitrogen-fixing properties, which increase soil fertility.“Much work needs to be done to end hunger and provide food security and nutrition for all. One concrete, promising opportunity lies with pulses. Let us join forces to raise awareness of the benefits of pulses,” said the Secretary-General.The UN chief also called for collaborative commitment and concrete action by all relevant actors within the UN system, farmers’ organizations, civil society and the private sector, to make the International Year of Pulses 2016 a success.
On Monday, we posted “Are Pro Wrestlers Dying at an Unusual Rate?,” showing that wrestlers from the WWF era have passed away at a clip far exceeding actuarial expectations. One of the most common questions I received about the blog post was how wrestlers compared to other professional athletes. Here’s commenter Matthew Durst:Is this phenomenon unique to wrestling or is it a cost of doing any professional sport? What’s the years of life loss on average for the big 4 sports?I’m glad he asked.To investigate, I used ESPN’s athlete bio database, pulling out anyone who had played at least five seasons in any of the Big Four sports (football, baseball, basketball and hockey). I used the same five age groups (35-40, 40-45, 45-50, 50-55, 55-60) that I did for the wrestling analysis, except as of Dec. 31, 2010 (the most recent year for which we have data). I used only athletes whose careers had ended in 1998 or earlier (to match the period I looked at for the WWF, which changed its name to WWE in 2002). Then I took the simple percentage dead from each age group, as before:Outside of the WWF, professional athletes beat actuarial expectations. The NFL — which is commonly portrayed as being one step up from the Ludi — at the very least doesn’t appear to produce many early deaths. Even offensive linemen, whose curve would be a bit higher on the grid, come in well under average (with about 4 percent dead in the entire age range).Though a bit surprising, there are good reasons why we might expect successful pro athletes to be better than average at surviving the 35- to 60-year-old period of their lives. They make a lot of money during their careers and have fairly good job prospects (relative to average) thereafter. They operate in a disciplined, highly regulated environment during a formative period of their lives and face extensive drug testing. Not to mention, these athletes are highly skilled and physically honed professionals. Their bodies may take a lot of damage that may stay with them for the rest of their lives, but it’s not the kind of damage that typically leads to an early grave.Wrestling in the WWF era, on the other hand, is reputed to have had a party culture, extensive performance-enhancing and recreational drug use, training focused on more aesthetic than functional physical improvements, a brutal schedule, and fewer monetary rewards than fans might think.
In the IEO2009 reference case, which does not include specific policies to limit greenhouse gas emissions, energy-related carbon dioxide emissions are projected to rise from 29,100 Mt in 2005 to 40,400 Mt in 2030-an increase of 39%. With strong economic growth and continued heavy reliance on fossil fuels expected, much of the increase in carbon dioxide emissions is projected to occur among the developing nations of the world, especially in Asia.The full report can be found on EIA’s web site at: http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/ieo/index.html Worldwide, industrial energy consumption is expected to grow from 175 quadrillion Btu in 2006 to 246 quadrillion Btu in 2030. Industrial energy demand varies across regions and countries of the world, based on levels and mixes of economic activity and technological development, among other factors. About 94% of the world increase in industrial sector energy consumption is projected to occur in the emerging economies, where-driven by rapid economic growth-industrial energy consumption grows at an average annual rate of 2.1% in the reference case. The key engines of growth in the projection are the so-called “BRIC” countries (Brazil, Russia, India, and China), which account for more than two-thirds of the developing world’s growth in industrial energy use through 2030. This 44% growth will be driven by strong long-term economic growth in the developing nations of the world, according to the reference case projection from the International Energy Outlook 2009 (IEO2009) released by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The current global economic downturn will dampen world energy demand in the near term, as manufacturing and consumer demand for goods and services slows. However, with economic recovery anticipated to begin within the next 12 to 24 months, most nations are expected to see energy consumption growth at rates anticipated prior to the recession. Total world energy use rises from 472 quadrillion Btu in 2006 to 552 quadrillion Btu in 2015 and then to 678 quadrillion Btu in 2030.World oil prices have fallen sharply from their July 2008 high mark. As the world’s economies recover, higher world oil prices are assumed to return and to persist through 2030. In the IEO2009 reference case, world oil prices rise to $110/barrel (bbl) in 2015 (in real 2007 dollars) and $130/bbl in 2030. Total liquid fuels and other petroleum consumption in 2030 is projected to be 22 million bbl/d higher than the 2006 level of 85 million bbl/d. In the reference case, conventional oil supplies from the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) contribute 8.2 million bbl/d to the total increase in world liquid fuels production, and conventional supplies from non-OPEC countries add another 3.4 bbl/d.In addition, unconventional resources (including biofuels, oil sands, extra-heavy oil, coal-to-liquids, and gas-to-liquids) from both non-OPEC and OPEC sources are expected to become increasingly competitive in the reference case. World production of unconventional resources, which totalled 3.1 bbl/d in 2006, increases to 13.4 million bbl/d in 2030 in the reference case, accounting for 13% of total world liquids supply in 2030.Recent experience demonstrates that world oil prices can be extremely volatile and, as a result, the IEO2009 includes three world oil price cases that span a very broad range in 2030, from $50/bbl (in 2007 dollars) in the low price case to $200/bbl in the high price case. These price paths translate to a fairly broad range of potential supply outlooks in 2030, ranging from 90 million bbl/d in the high price case to 120 million bbl/d in the low price case (compared to 107 million bbl/d in the reference case)Other report highlights include:The rapid increase in world energy prices from 2003 to 2008, combined with concerns about the environmental consequences of greenhouse gas emissions, has led to renewed interest in the development of alternatives to fossil fuels. Renewable energy is the fastest-growing source of world electricity generation in the IEO2009 reference case, supported by high prices for fossil fuels and by government incentives for the development of alternative energy sources. From 2006 to 2030, world renewable energy use for electricity generation grows by an average of 2.9% per year, and the renewable share of world electricity generation increases from 19% in 2006 to 21% in 2030. Hydropower and wind power are the major sources of incremental renewable electricity supply.
When Google decided to pull out, or at least pull back its operations in China, the scene was set for Chinese search company Baidu to dominate. While it may of had its own way for a while, Baidu now has a new competitor on the Chinese market, and it’s certainly not one that will disappear in the face of strict regulation.The new search engine is called Panguso and is capable of searching for news, websites, images, videos and audio . It has been created by the state-owned telecomms company China Mobile, and the state-run news agency Xinhua. By joining forces it is thought all the bases are covered with Xinhua providing news and content while China Mobile runs the search engine behind the scenes.AdChoices广告With every aspect of Panguso being owned and run by the state, conforming to rules will not be an issue as it will happen by default. The question is, will Panguso be able to compete with Baidu which already has such a dominant position in China?Read more at Xinhuanet, via CNET
Facebook Twitter: @NeosKosmos Instagram There was a slight loss suffered by Greek Australian Labor MP Maria Vamvakinou, and a marginal increase to the votes garnered by Labor deputy Steve Georganas. The good news is that both deputies will return to Canberra.MP Vamvakinou has held the seat of Calwell, Victoria, since 2001 – one of the safest Labor seats. She gathered 67.8 per cent of the votes with 67.7 per cent of them counted. This is a 1.9 per cent decrease from 2016.Labor won the key seat of Chisholm, Julia Banks’ old seat that she abandoned to run in Flinders. Banks was the only Liberal MP to win a seat off Labor at the last election however she was unsuccessful against Liberal minister Greg Hunt running in Flinders as an independent. She only managed to get 14.7 per cent of the votes with 76.3 per cent of votes counted, coming third in the race behind Hunt (46.4 per cent) and the Labor candidate 25.1 per cent.Senator Arthur Sinodinos will return to Canberra, however it is still uncertain as to whether Petros Georgiou will be reelected in Western Australia though chances seem slim.The Liberals have won 76 seats so far, and the Coalition needs 76 seats to have a majority in Parliament. With votes still counted and five seats still too close to call, the Senate make-up is still undetermined.
Duvan Zapata scores on his debut for Atalanta.Atalanta came from a goal down to defeat Chiasso 6-1 in a pre-season friendly earlier today.New signings Papu Gomez and Duvan Zapata were on the scoresheet as Gian-Piero Gasperini’s men took empathic 6-1 victory over their opponents.The Italian Serie A side started the game on the wrong foot, conceding an early goal within the first minute of the encounter.Gasperini reveals why he rejected Inter Manuel R. Medina – September 14, 2019 Atalanta manager, Gian Piero Gasperini, has revealed why he rejected Internazionale Milan’s job proposal over the summer transfer window.They responded in fine fashion as a brace from new signing Papu Gomez turned the tie on its head. Gomez then turned provider as Alessandro Mancini scored from his corner.Hans Hateboer increased the lead for Atalanta scoring the fourth goal from Timothy Castagne pull back.Ex-Sampdoria striker Zapata scored the fight goal from close range before Marten De Roon headed in the sixth goal from Josip Ilicic’s free kick.Atalanta have started preparations for the upcoming season after an impressive 2017-18 campaign both in the league and in the UEFA Europa League.
Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppTurks and Caicos, April 27, 2017 – Providenciales – For the first time in history, the National Hurricane Center touches down in the Turks and Caicos as a part of a hurricane awareness tour and their host is the country’s Department of Disaster Management and Emergencies.The US Air Force is a part of the tour and has brought its Hurricane Hunter Aircraft. The historic happening begins on the runway of the Providenciales International Airport with remarks and viewing of the aircraft by officials and media. The CHAT or Caribbean Hurricane Awareness Tour will also feature, Dr. Rick Knabb of NOAA and move into the schools later.#MagneticMediaNews#USHurricaneAwarenessTour Related Items:#magneticmedianews, #USHurricaneAwarenessTour Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp
News Facebook Chicago House Singer Kim English Has Died Chicago House Singer Kim English Has Died chicago-house-singer-kim-english-has-died The singer, known for her 1994 hit “Nitelife” and other dance floor staples, was 48Rachel BrodskyGRAMMYs Apr 3, 2019 – 11:09 am Chicago-born house vocalist Kim English has died, her longtime label Nervous Records has confirmed. She was 48. No cause of death is known at this time.Writing in a Facebook post, Nervous Records called English’s death “a tragic loss for Kim’s family, friends, church community and lovers of music all over the world. Such a distinctive, unique talent. We worked on projects together over the course of 25 years, and the collaboration between Kim and Nervous produced singles that are widely recognized classics in multiple genres of dance music.”English started her career as a gospel singer but eventually worked her way into the club scene, releasing three albums with the New York-based Nervous Records: Higher Things (1998), Re-Energized (2000), and My Destiny (2006). Over the course of her career, she worked with major house acts like Masters At Work, François K and Mood II Swing, with whom she released “Learn 2 Luv” in 1997.Her debut single, “Nightlife,” originally dropped in 1994 and was produced by Ten City and remixed by Masters At Work, Bump and, most notably, Armand Van Helden. Email Twitter
2019 Ford Mustang Shelby GT350: A friendlier track animal Enlarge ImageFord’s been holding an electric Mustang-inspired crossover over our heads for months now, but we could see it in concept form by the end of 2019. Ford Ford’s been teasing a Mustang-inspired electric crossover for quite a while now, first with the “Mach 1” teaser in Detroit in 2018 that caused people to take to the internet with pitchforks and torches. We’ve seen other teasers for the new model since that time, and now according to a report Tuesday by Autocar.co.uk, we can expect to see a lot more than that before the end of the year. Autocar says Ford’s electric crossover will debut to the public in concept form sometime this year, with a production version expected to see the light sometime in 2020. Those are pretty bold statements, and it’s not entirely clear where Autocar is getting its information, but let’s take a look at what Ford has confirmed about this new EV. We know it’s not going to be called the Mach 1 and that Ford is targeting a 300 mile maximum range on the EPA cycle. That’s it. That’s all we know for sure, though it’s safe to guess that this new model would almost certainly have to be built on a new platform. It will also likely be marketed as a more performance-oriented competitor for Tesla’s Model Y and as perhaps a more affordable alternative to Jaguar’s I-Pace. When asked for confirmation on Autocar’s speculation, Emma Bergg, communications manager for Ford’s EV program, responded, “We do not comment on speculation related to our future products.” We’d be excited to see Ford get fully into the EV game and offer real (affordable) competition to brands like Tesla, Jaguar, Audi and Porsche and maybe spur folks at General Motors into making something a little more exciting than the Bolt. Electric Cars Concept Cars Future Cars Crossovers Comment Ford 2020 BMW M340i review: A dash of M makes everything better 2019 Ford F-150 review: Popular pickup keeps on truckin’ Originally published May 21, 12:30 p.m. PT. Update, 2:28 p.m.: Adds comment from Ford. Update, 5:26 p.m.: Corrects EPA range estimate. Ford More From Roadshow 63 Photos 1 Tags Share your voice 2016 Ford Explorer review: Go road-tripping in Ford’s updated, EcoBoost-powered SUV
US President Donald TrumpReutersThe United States and Mexico reached a deal on Friday to avert a tariff war, with Mexico pledging to take “strong measures” to contain the migration of mostly Central Americans crossing the southern U.S. border, a surge in recent months that has overwhelmed U.S. resources.U.S. President Donald Trump, who has continually railed against illegal immigration as a candidate and since taking office, had threatened to impose 5% import tariffs on all Mexican goods from Monday if Mexico did not do more to tighten its borders. Imposing tariffs on Mexico would have left the United States fighting trade wars with two of its three largest trading partners and would further unnerve financial markets already on edge about a global economic slowdown.The agreement announced on Friday followed three days of negotiations in Washington.The U.S.-Mexico joint declaration released in Washington said Mexico had agreed to take more migrants seeking asylum in the United States while they await adjudication of their cases and agreed to increase enforcement to curb illegal immigration, including deploying the National Guard to its southern border.Mexican Foreign Minister Marcelo Ebrard said in Washington that the National Guard deployment would start on Monday. “I think it’s a fair balance,” he said.The agreement appeared to fall short of a key U.S. demand that Mexico accept a “safe third country” designation that would have forced it to permanently take in most Central American asylum seekers.”The Tariffs scheduled to be implemented by the U.S. on Monday, against Mexico, are hereby indefinitely suspended,” Trump said in a tweet on Friday evening…..stem the tide of Migration through Mexico, and to our Southern Border. This is being done to greatly reduce, or eliminate, Illegal Immigration coming from Mexico and into the United States. Details of the agreement will be released shortly by the State Department. Thank you!— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) June 8, 2019The two countries will continue discussions, to be completed in 90 days, on further steps, according to the declaration.U.S. border officers apprehended more than 132,000 people crossing from Mexico in May, the highest monthly level since 2006. Trump, who has called the surge in migrants an “invasion,” had threatened to impose levies rising to 25% unless Mexico addressed the problem.Mexico had prepared a list of possible retaliatory tariffs targeting products from agricultural and industrial states regarded as Trump’s electoral base, a tactic China has also used with an eye toward the Republican president’s 2020 re-election bid.The United States slapped tariffs of up to 25% on $200 billion in Chinese imports last month, prompting Beijing to levy its own tariffs on $60 billion in American goods. Trump said on Thursday he would decide later this month whether to hit Beijing with tariffs on an additional list of $300 billion in Chinese goods.Economists have said that two trade disputes could damage supply lines and pinch consumers at a time when the global economic expansion that followed the 2008 financial crisis has started to sour and the risk of recession has risen.Even the United States, one of the more solid performers on the economic stage, would not be immune to the downdraft.The U.S. Labor Department reported on Friday that job growth slowed sharply in May and wages rose less than expected, raising fears that a loss of momentum in economic activity could be spreading to the labor market.U.S. business groups were generally opposed to the tariffs, warning they would raise costs for companies and lead to higher prices for American consumers. Trump’s fellow Republicans were also not keen on the prospect of a two-front trade war.
On Dec. 3 and Dec. 4, the National Great Blacks in Wax Museum will offer admission to its guests for one dollar. The museum is participating in the 2016 “Dollar or Less Days” with the Downtown Baltimore Partnership.“This is a great opportunity for many locals to take advantage of a great discounted rate and also get exposed to over 5,000 years of black history,” museum manager William Redmond said in a statement. The National Great Blacks in Wax Museum was founded in 1983 by Drs. Elmer and Joanne Martin. The founders had four main objectives when they started the museum. The first goal was to stimulate an interest in Black history by revealing the little-known, often-neglected facts of history. Secondly, to use great Black leaders as role models to motivate Black youth to achieve. The third objective was to improve race relations by dispelling myths of racial inferiority and superiority. The final goal was to support and work in conjunction with other nonprofit, charitable organizations seeking to improve the social and economic status of Black people in this country.Currently, the museum is in the midst of a fundraising campaign to do a $75 million expansion. The National Great Blacks in Wax Museum is located at on the 1600 block of East North Ave. in Baltimore, Md. On Dec. 3 the museum is open from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. and on Dec. 4 from noon to 5 p.m. On both days the last entry is at 4 p.m.
Register Now » February 14, 2019 Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. Do you want your website to be found by more people on the web? If the answer is yes (and I’m pretty sure it is for most website owners), link-building is definitely a skill you’ll want to master this year. In fact, according to a 2015 survey conducted by Moz that voiced the opinions of some of the smartest search marketers out there, links play the biggest role of all search-engine ranking factors.But first, what is link-building?Related: What Google Doesn’t Want You to Hear About Link-Building for SEOSpecifically, it’s the process of adding hyperlinks you’ve acquired from other websites to your own website. These links are like streets that allow users to navigate between pages on the internet. The goal, of course, is to have as many “streets” (links) on the web as possible so that you can lead people straight to your website. Link-building not only helps more users discover your site on the web, but helps Google determine how a page on your site should rank in its search results.So, that’s what it is. But when it comes to the how of link-building, the steps ahead may be difficult. But you can master link-building in 2019. So if this process is still a mystery to you, read on:Get links on other high-quality sites.The first strategy to mastering link-building is to get your links onto other high-quality websites. One way to do that is to develop a guest-posting strategy. Posting your guest content elsewhere will ensure that it gets seen by a ton of readers and that your links get clicked.To come up with a winning guest-posting strategy, do some research; find out which publications you want to post on. Don’t pick a site purely for its reader numbers; choose publications that your target audience is likely to read. If you’re targeting accountants, for instance, don’t guest-post on a celebrity gossip website — your audience won’t be there.After you’ve made a list of popular, relevant publications, create engaging content to match the website you’re pitching to. As long as you craft awesome content that will impress the publication along with its readers, you’ll start building up your links.Other ways to get links on external websites include:Get links on local news sites, or even national news sites. Sign up for HARO (Help a Reporter Out) to be notified when a journalist needs a source in your industry. You can get valuable media coverage and a link in return.Get reviews and mentions from popular bloggers. Offer your product or service for free to a popular blogger in exchange for a review and link on his or her blog.Participate in forums like Quora where you can leave a link to your website.Create highly shareable posts.Another way to get links on other websites is to create highly shareable posts on your own blog. Sure, a well-written, helpful article will get shares, but what will really step up your link-building is an infographic. Infographics are highly shareable and perfect for getting links for your website on other publications.For instance, check out this popular infographic of the daily routines of famous creative people. It has 656 current links to it from other sites.Image credit: Infographic Design TeamYou can easily create a stunning infographic using a free tool like Canva. If you can create a visually appealing infographic that shares some interesting and important information, tons of other websites will share it on their own posts with a link back to you.Related: Link-Building 101: Wanna Take the Course?Use internal link-building.You don’t have to rely on other websites to build links; you can improve your link-building right from your own site, too. Internal link-building is something you have complete control over, which makes it a great strategy to use in order to master link-building. An internal link connects your web page or post to another page or post on your website. It helps users navigate your website, as well as boost your SEO.Within your blog content, you need to be adding internal links that connect to your other content. For example, this blog post from our site links to another one of our blog posts on the same site.Image Source: (Screenshot) Optinmonster.com Importantly, you want to add links in a natural way that will be useful and help guide your readers. Make sure your anchor text (the clickable text in a hyperlink) is relevant to the post you’re linking to, use a follow link and include a keyword for even better results. Remember, don’t overdo it by adding too many links to one small paragraph; that can make your content unreadable and irritate users. Related: 6 Advanced Techniques for Link-Building as a Future SEO StrategyOver to you.Building links can take time, but it doesn’t have to be hard. With these tips and just a little bit of dedication and patience, your link-building skills can skyrocket this year. As long as you’re consistent with this task, you’ll be able to watch your website rise to the top of search engine results and receive an influx of traffic. Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. 5 min read
Cypriot nationals no longer need a pre-arranged visa to visit Qatar, it was announced on Wednesday.According to an announcement, nationals of 80 countries – Cyprus among them – can now obtain a visa waiver upon arrival in Qatar.Cyprus is on the list of 33 countries whose nationals’ visa waiver will be valid for 180 days from the date of issue and entitle its holder to spend up to 90 days in Qatar, during either a single trip or on multiple trips.The waiver of nationals of a second group of 47 countries – among them the US and the UK – will be valid for 30 days from the date of issue and entitle its holder to spend up to 30 days in Qatar, during either a single trip or on multiple trips. This waiver may be extended for a further 30 days.Travellers will be required to present a passport valid for at least six months and a return ticket.“The visa exemption scheme will make Qatar the most open country in the region,” Hassan al-Ibrahim, Chief Tourism Development officer at Qatar Tourism Authority said on Wednesday.The move is deemed as an effort to encourage air transport and tourism amid a two-month boycott imposed on the Gulf state by its neighbours.For more information: https://www.visitqatar.qa/plan/visas-requirements.html You May LikeFigLeaf Beta AppHow to Become Fully Anonymous Online in Less Than 3 Minutes? Better safe than sorryFigLeaf Beta AppUndoYahoo SearchResearch Compact SUVs. New SUVs May Make You Want To Trade Yours In Today – See For Yourself!Yahoo SearchUndoPopularEverythingColorado Mom Adopted Two Children, Months Later She Learned Who They Really ArePopularEverythingUndo Pensioner dies after crash on Paphos-Polis roadUndoTurkish Cypriot actions in Varosha ‘a clear violation’ of UN resolutions, Nicosia saysUndoRemand for pair in alleged property fraud (Updated)Undoby Taboolaby Taboola
03May Rep. Whiteford to host local office hours State Rep. Mary Whiteford today announced plans to meet with Allegan County residents during her scheduled office hours.Office hours will take place on Friday, May 18 at Allegan County Transportation, 750 Airway Drive in Allegan from 9 to 10:30 a.m.“Engaging with residents in a casual setting is a great way to foster dialog and share ideas,” Whiteford said. “I look forward to having discussions with people in the community about making our state a better place to live, work, and raise a family.”No appointment is necessary. Those unable to attend are invited to contact her Lansing office by phone at 517-373-0836 or email MaryWhiteford@house.mi.gov. Categories: Whiteford News